The Language of Flowers:


• Acacia - Secret love; chaste love; beauty in retirement; elegance; friendship; hope 
• Acanthus - Art or artistic; the fine arts; artifice 
• Aconite (Wolf's Bane) - Misanthropy 
• Acorn - Nordic symbol of life and immortality 
• Agapanthus - Love letters 
• Agnus castus - Coldness; indifference 
• Allspice - Compassion 
• Almond Blossom - Hope; lover's charm 
• Aloe - Grief • Alstroemeria - Devotion; friendship 
• Alyssum - Worth beyond beauty 
• Ambrosia - Love returned 
• Amaranth - Fidelity 
• Amaranth, Globe - Unchangeable; immortality; unchanging love 
• Amaryllis - Pride; Timidity; splendid beauty 
• Anemone - Unfading love; truth; sincerity; anticipation; forsaken; fading hope 
• Angelica - Inspiration 
• Aniseed - Restoration of youth 
• Apple blossom - Preference; good fortune 
• Arbor Vitae - True friendship 
• Arbutus - Thee only do I love 
• Artemisia - Dignity 
• Asphodel - My regrets follow you to the grave 
• Aster - Love; daintiness 
• Azalea - Take care of yourself for me; fragile passion; temperance; Chinese symbol of womanhood 


• Bachelor's Buttons - Celibacy; single blessedness; hope in love 
• Baby's Breath - Everlasting love; happiness; pure in heart 
• Basil - Best Wishes; love; hatred 
• Bay Leaf - Strength; I change but in death 
• Bear's Breeches - Art or artistic; the fine arts; artifice 
• Begonia - Beware • Betony - Surprise 
• Bells Of Ireland - Good luck 
• Bilberry - Treachery 
• Bird Of Paradise - Magnificence 
• Bittersweet - Truth 
• Bluebell - Humility; constancy 
• Borage - Courage; bluntness 
• Bouquet of withered flowers - Rejected love 
• Broom - Humility; neatness 
• Bulrush - Indiscretion; docility 
• Burnet - A merry heart 
• Buttercup - Cheerfulness; ingratitude; childishness; desire for riches 


• Cactus - Endurance; warmth; grandeur • Calendula - Joy 
• Calla - Magnificent beauty • Camellia - Admiration; perfection; good luck gift to a man; loveliness 
• Camellia (Pink) - Longing for you 
• Camellia (Red) - You're a flame in my heart 
• Camellia (White) - You're adorable 
• Camomile - Energy in adversity 
• Candytuft - Indifference 
• Carnation (in general) Bonds of affection; health and energy; fascination; alas for my poor heart 
• Carnation (pink) - I'll never forget you 
• Carnation (purple) - Capriciousness; whimsical; changeable 
• Carnation (red) - My heart aches for you; admiration 
• Carnation (solid colour) -Yes 
• Carnation (striped)- No; refusal; sorry I can't be with you; wish I could be with you 
• Carnation (white) -Sweet and lovely; innocence; pure love; woman's good luck gift 
• Carnation (yellow) - You have disappointed me; Rejection; disdain 
• Cattail - Peace; prosperity 
• Cedar - I live for thee; think of me 
• Celandine - Joys to come 
• Chamomile - Patience ; attracts wealth 
• Chrysanthemum (in general) - Cheerfulness; You're a wonderful friend 
• Chysanthemum (red) - I love 
• Chysanthemum (white) - Truth 
• Chysanthemum (yellow) -Slighted love 
• Cinnamon - My fortune is yours 
• Clover (four-leaf) - Good luck; be mine 
• Columbine - Folly 
• Coreopsis - Always cheerful 
• Corn - Riches 
• Cornflower - Delicacy; refinement 
• Coriander - Lust 
• Cowslip - Pensiveness; winning grace 
• Coxcomb - Foppery 
• Crocus - Cheerfulness; abuse not; joy 
• Crown Imperial - Majesty; power 
• Cyclamen - Resignation and goodbye; diffidence 

 
• Daffodil - Respect; regard; unrequited love; deceit 
• Dahlia - Good taste; instability 
• Daisy - Innocence; loyal love; purity; faith; cheer; simplicity 
• Dandelion - Wishes come true; faithfulness; happiness; rustic oracle 
• Daphne odora - Painting the lily 
• Delphinium - Airy 
• Dogwood - Durability 


• Edelweiss - Daring; noble courage 
• Eglantine - Poetry; I wound to heal 
• Elder - Zealousness 
• Elm - Dignity 
• Eucalyptus - Protection 
• Eupatorium - Delay 


• Fennel - Worthy of all praise; strength 
• Fern - Sincerity 
• Fern (Magic) - Fascination; confidence and shelter 
• Fern (Maidenhair) - Secret bond of love 
• Feverfew - Protection 
• Fig - Argument 
• Fir - Time 
• Flax - Domestic symbol; fate; I feel your kindness 
• Forget-me-not - True love; memories; forget me not 
• Forsythia - Anticipation 
• Foxglove - Insincerity 
• Fuchsia - Good taste 
• Fuller's Teasel - Misanthropy 

G 
• Gardenia - You're lovely; secret love; refinement; joy 
• Garland of roses - Reward of virtue 
• Garlic - Courage; strength 
• Geranium (Oak leafed) - Friendship 
• Geranium (Rose) - Preference 
• Geranium (Scented) - Preference, melancholy; stupidity; folly 
• Gillyflower - Bonds of affection 
• Gladiolus - Love at first sight; ready-armed; strength of character; generosity 
• Gloxinia - Love at first sight 
• Golden Rod - Precaution 
• Grass - Submission; utility 
  
• Harebell - Submission; grief 
• Hawthorn - Hope 
• Hazel - Reconciliation 
• Heather (lavender) - Admiration; solitude 
• Heather (pink) - Good luck 
• Heather (white) - Protection; wishes will come true; good luck 
• Helenium - Tears 
• Heliotrope - Devotion; eternal love; faithfulness 
• Hemlock - You will be my death 
• Hibiscus - Delicate beauty 
• Holly - Good will; defence; domestic happiness; foresight 
• Hollyhock - Female ambition; fecundity 
• Honesty - Honesty; fascination 
• Honeysuckle - Generous and devoted affection; sweetness of disposition 
• Hop - Injustice 
• Hyacinth (general) - Rashness, sorrow, flower dedicated to Apollo 
• Hyacinth (blue) - Constancy 
• Hyacinth ( purple) - I'm sorry; please forgive me; sorrow 
• Hyacinth (red or pink) - Play 
• Hyacinth (white) - Loveliness; I'll pray for you 
• Hyacinth (yellow) - Jealousy 
• Hydrangea - Thank you for understanding; frigidity; heartlessness; vanity 
• Hyssop - Wards away evil spirits; cleanliness 


• Ice plant - Your looks freeze me 
• Iris - Faith; hope; wisdom and valour; my compliments; eloquence; message 
• Ivy - Fidelity; friendship; affection; marriage 


• Jasmine - Amiability; wealth; grace and elegance 
• Jonquil - Love me; affection returned; desire; sympathy 
• Judas Tree - Unbelief; betrayal 
• Juniper - Protection; succour 


• Kingcup - Desire for riches 


• Laburnum - Forsaken; pensive beauty 
• Larkspur (pink) - Fickleness; levity 
• Laurel (mountain) - Ambition; glory 
• Lavender - Devotion, distrust 
• Lemon - Zest 
• Lemon Balm - Brings love 
• Lemon verbena - Attracts opposite sex 
• Lilac - First love • Lily (general) - Purity 
• Lily (calla) - Beauty • Lily (day) - Coquetry 
• Lily (eucharis) - Maidenly charms
• Lily (orange) - Hatred 
• Lily (tiger) - Wealth; pride
• Lily (white) - Virginity; purity; majesty; it's heavenly to be with you 
• Lily (yellow) - I'm walking on air; false and gay 
• Lily of the valley - sweetness; return to happiness; humility; perferct purity 
• Lobelia - Malevolence 
• Love-in-a-mist - Perplexity 
• Love-lies-bleeding - Hopeless; not heartless 
• Lupin - Voraciousness; admiration 


• Magnolia - Sweetness; beauty; love of nature; nobility; dignity; splendid beauty 
• Marigold - Comforts the heart; grief; cruelty; jealousy; sacred affection 
• Marjoram (sweet) - Joy and happiness; blushes 
• Meadowsweet - Uselessness 
• Michaelmas Daisy - Afterthought; farewell 
• Mignonette - Your qualities surpass your charms 
• Mimosa - Sensitivity 
• Mint - Protection from illness; warmth of feeling; virtue 
• Mistletoe - Kiss me; affection; I surmount difficulties; sacred plant of India, magic plant of the Druids 
• Monkshood - Beware, a deadly foe is near; chivalry 
• Morning Glory - Affectation 
• Moss - Maternal love; charity 
• Myrrh - Gladness • Myrtle - Love; love in absence; remembrance; Hebrew emblem of marriage • Myrtle (wax) - Discipline; instruction 


• Narcissus - Egotism; formality; stay as sweet as you are; you love yourself too well; self-esteem 
• Nasturtium - Conquest; victory in battle; maternal love; charity; patriotism 
• Nightshade - Truth 


• Oak leaves - Bravery 
• Oleander - Caution; beware 
• Orange - Generosity 
• Orange Blossom - Wisdom; purity; eternal love; your purity equals your loveliness 
• Orange (mock) - Deceit 
• Orchid - Love; beauty; refinement; you flatter me 
• Orchid (Cattleya) - Mature charm 


• Palm leaves - Victory and success 
• Pansy - Thoughts; love 
• Parsley - Festivities 
• Pasque Flower - You have no claims 
• Peach blossom - Longevity; I am your captive 
• Peony - Shame; bashfulness; anger; indignation 
• Peppermint - Warmth of feelings 
• Periwinkle (blue) - Early friendship 
• Periwinkle (white) - Pleasures of memory 
• Persicaria - Restoration 
• Petunia - Resentment; anger; your presence soothes me; never despairing 
• Phlox - Agreement; unanimity; sweet dreams 
• Pine - Hope; pity 
• Pink - Boldness 
• Poinsettia - Be of good cheer 
• Polyanthus - Pride of riches 
• Poppy (general) - Eternal sleep; oblivion; imagination; extravagance 
• Poppy (red) -Pleasure; fantastic extravagance 
• Poppy (white) - Consolation; sleep 
• Poppy( yellow) - Wealth; success 
• Prickly Pear - Satire 
• Primrose - I can't live without you; early youth; young love 
• Primrose (evening) - Inconstancy 


• Quaking Grass - Agitation 
• Queen Anne's Lace - Fantasy 
• Quince - Temptation 


• Ranunculus - You are radiant with charms 
• Rocket - Rivalry • Rose (red) - Love ; I love you 
• Rose (white) - Eternal Love; innocence; heavenly; secrecy and silence 
• Rose (pink) - Perfect happiness; please believe me 
• Rose (yellow) - Friendship; jealousy; try to care 
• Rose (black) - Death 
• Rose (red and white) - Together; unity 
• Rose (thornless) - Love at first sight 
• Rose (single, full bloom) - I love you; I still love you 
• Rose bud - Beauty and youth; a heart innocent of love 
• Rose bud (red) - Pure and lovely 
• Rose bud (white) - Girlhood 
• Rosebud (moss) - Confessions of love 
• Roses (bouquet of full bloom) - Gratitude 
• Roses (garland or crown of) - Beware of virtue; reward of merit; crown ; symbol of superior merit 
• Roses (musk cluster) - Charming 
• Rose (tea) - I'll always remember • Rose (cabbage) - Ambassador of love 
• Rose (Christmas) - Tranquilize my anxiety; anxiety 
• Rose (damask) - Brilliant complexion 
• Rose (dark crimson) - Mourning 
• Rose (hibiscus) - Delicate beauty 
• Rose leaf - You may hope 
• Rosemary - Remembrance; commitment; fidelity 
• Rudbeckia - Justice 
• Rue - Disdain 


• Saffron - Beware of excess 
• Sage - Wisdom; long life; domestic virtue 
• Salvia (blue) - I think of you 
• Scabious - Unfortunate love
• Shamrock - Lightheartedness 
• Smilax - Loveliness 
• Snapdragon - No; deception; gracious lady; presumption 
• Snowdrop - Hope 
• Spearmint - Warmth of sentiment 
• Spiderflower - Elope with me 
• Spindle Tree - Your charms are engraved on my heart 
• Statice - Lasting beauty 
• Star of Bethlehem - Atonement; purity 
• Stephanotis - Happiness in marriage; desire to travel; come to me 
• Stock - Lasting beauty; promptness 
• Strawberry - Perfect goodness 
• Sunflower - Loyalty; haughtiness; you are splendid 
• Sweet Basil - Good luck 
• Sweet pea - Goodbye; departure; blissful pleasure; Thank you for a lovely time 
• Sweet William - Grant me one smile; perfection; gallantry 
• Syringa - Memory 


• Tamarisk - Crime • Thrift - Sympathy • Thyme - Strength and courage; activity • Tuberose - Dangerous pleasure • Tulip(general) - Fame; charity; declaration of love; • Tulip(red) - Believe me; declaration of love • Tulip(variegated) - Beautiful eyes • Tulip(yellow) - Hopeless love 


• Valerian - An accommodating disposition 
• Vernal Grass - Poor but happy 
• Veronica - Fidelity • Violet - Modesty; faithfulness 
• Violet (blue) - Watchfulness; faithfulness; I'll always be true 
• Violet (white) - Let's take a chance on happiness 
• Viscaria - Will you dance with me? 


• Wallflower - Fidelity in adversity 
• Water Lily - Purity of heart • Wistaria - I cling to you 
• Woodruff - Sweet humility 
• Wormwood - Absence 


• Xeranthemum - Cheerfulness under adversity 

Y
 • Yarrow - Health; healing 
• Yew - Sorrow 


• Zinnia - Thoughts of friends 
• Zinnia (magenta) - Lasting affection 
• Zinnia (mixed) - Thinking of an absent friend 
• Zinnia (scarlet) - Constancy 
• Zinnia (white) - Goodness 
• Zinnia (yellow) - Daily remembrance